Georgia’s failure to investigate and prosecute gender and honor-based violence against a woman who was severely beaten by family members in front of her young children, contributed to her death, the UN Women’s Rights Committee has found.
In the Views published on Thursday, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) said it deplored both the failure of the Georgian authorities to arrest and prosecute family members who had beaten the victim, Khanum Jeiranova, and their senseless decision to return her to her relatives. She was subsequently found dead.
The Committee issued its findings after considering a complaint filed by Jeiranova’s two children, who were 11 and 7 when their mother died.
Jeiranova, an ethnic Azerbaijani and a Georgian national, was accused of having an extramarital affair by her husband’s relatives. On 16 September 2014, three of her husband’s relatives rounded on her, dragged her through the village, and beat her so hard that she lost consciousness several times.
That night, the village governor and police officers were called to the victim’s father’s house where they saw her crying and begging for help as her family members wanted her to take a jar of rat poison. They didn’t make any arrest and didn’t send her to hospital. The village governor took her away for the night but returned her to her mother the next morning. One day later, Jeiranova’s mother found her dead, her body hanging by a rope in the garden shed.
The mullahs who prepared Jeiranova’s body said that her clothes were covered in blood and that her body had been “beaten to a pulp”, according to a witness statement.
However, police did not conduct a forensic examination of the location after the family refused to allow it.
An investigation was opened but quickly closed, the prosecutors concluded that the victim had committed suicide as a result of her, what they described as, “shameful” and “dishonorable” behaviour.
“Ms. Jeiranova was a victim of intersecting discrimination related to ethnicity and stereotypical attitudes of the police and judicial authorities,” said Committee member Genoveva Tisheva.
“Had the Georgian authorities adequately protected Ms. Jeiranova against the gender-based violence inflicted on her, she would still be alive today,” she added.
The Committee found that Georgia had failed to provide effective protection and had not taken all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against Jeiranova. It also concluded that Georgia had violated its obligation to investigate and punish those responsible for the assault on the victim and her death.
The Committee urged Georgia to conduct a prompt, thorough and independent investigation into Jeiranova’s death and to prosecute those responsible. It requested Georgia to provide appropriate reparation, including adequate compensation, as well as an official apology to Ms. Jeiranova’s children. It urged Georgia to ensure that all legislation, policies and measures that address domestic violence also include honor-based violence. In addition, it asked the State to strengthen measures to ensure the right to life of women and their freedom from torture, with special attention to communities that are isolated, closed and where honor-based norms apply.